DeCoste Writing Protocol
This study highlights the use of the Start-to-Finish computer books in weekly tutoring sessions to increase students’ reading comprehension, fluency skills and positive reading enjoyment.
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Background of Study
In a four-month study beginning August 2004, Callaway High School in Troup County, GA developed a reading academy program to investigate the effects of using supplemental instruction to provide extra reading practice for 9th graders with deficient reading skills.
The plan included empirical measures of progress, faculty tutors and a variety of technologies such as Simon S.I.O.™, WordMaker®, Start-to-Finish® books, Cornerstone Language Arts and Earobics®. This study will highlight the use of the Start-to-Finish computer books in weekly tutoring session to increase students’ reading comprehension, fluency skills and positive enjoyment.
Strategy and Demographics – Students were identified from the Fall 2003 ITBS composite reading scores (less than the 25th percentile) and 8th grade team recommendations. – Twenty-four students completed the course and represented a diverse ethnic group from low socio-economic backgrounds. – Most students were assigned two reading classes (Remedial Reading and Reading Enrichment). – Faculty volunteers served as weekly reading tutors for 30 minutes of instruction within small groups.
“One of our goals was to get more computers in the classroom and more educators trained to use technologies,” said Douglas McCoy, Graduation Specialist and Social Studies Teacher. “We targeted student growth of 1.5 reading levels per semester per remedial class. This target in fluency (accuracy + rate) was met or exceeded by four students. Six students met or exceeded the target in comprehension, and two students met both targets with improved competency in identifying the main idea, inferring meaning, finding details and reading with purpose through pre-reading, connection and post-reading activities.”
“Struggling readers are resistant to remediation,” shared Diana Hardenstein, Special Education Teacher. “They feel defeated and their confidence is low. When I discovered the Start-to-Finish books it allowed me to provide individualized instruction with minimal supervision. These books empower students to become independent readers and self-directed learners. The reading momentum was obvious. Students began helping other students. Our library media specialist, Mrs. Sparks, observed students taking ownership of their reading and showing a real enthusiasm for reading. She started using the books in the library. Kids knew they were reading the same books as their classmates and began checking the books out. They started doing more research. The audio and narrative speech offered multiple approaches to connect students’ diverse learning styles with core subject knowledge. The highlighted text helped them identify problem words and improve vocabulary.”
Boredom Replaced with Reading Enthusiasm Mrs. Sparks, Media Specialist for the school, said, “The Start-to-Finish books have proven to be a most beneficial reading tool to capture the interest of low-level readers. Students that once were bored and disruptive in class are now able to complete a story and answer questions. Our students have experienced a higher degree of success with Start-to-Finish than with other reading programs used in our school. Don Johnston’s books have resulted in fewer discipline problems, a higher attention span, better comprehension, and much less frustration for the students, as well as an increase in test scores.”
“There is no stigma attached when using the Start-to-Finish books on the computer,”summarized Ms. Hardenstein. “The kids loved the biographies and stories of Hurricane Carter, Anne Frank and the Tuskegee Airmen. In fact, the airmen came to town recently and these kids were excited to share what they knew. Having multi-cultural books really gets kids excited about reading! Don Johnston saved my teaching life. I was in a space where I wasn’t feeling good about the results. When we were given a classroom with computers and started using Don Johnston products, our students’ learning took off! It was an incredible shift in the way I viewed teaching and became more evident to me just how much Don Johnston cares about struggling learners.”
Future planning at the high school will include expanded utilization of these reading technologies in general classroom lessons. Students who utilized the technologies demonstrated significant gains as shown on this grade-equivalent chart representing changes in grade equivalent comprehension in August (pre-program) through December (post-program). The study also confirmed that vocabulary and spelling are important activities in developing reading competencies. Reading competencies in all participating students improved: 18 out of 24 participants now demonstrate reading competencies above 6th grade.
Start-to-Finish brings many of the most important stories of all time to older students reading at earlier grade levels. Technology supports ensure students can be successful with the text.
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