DeCoste Writing Protocol

The DeCoste Writing Protocol is an informal diagnostic tool that helps educators identify factors affecting an individual student’s ability to produce writing.

An Informal Diagnostic tool for Dysgraphia and other writing challenges

The DeCoste Writing Protocol (DWP) is an informal diagnostic tool that helps educators identify factors affecting an individual student’s ability to produce writing. The Writing Protocol compares a child’s individual performance across handwriting and keyboarding tasks. It examines spelling performance and writing skills so educators make more informed decisions about instructional strategies and the appropriate use of technology to meet classroom demands.

Loading video…

About the DeCoste Writing Protocol (DWP)

In most school districts, the most common assistive technology referral comes from writing issues like dysgraphia. While spelling, handwriting, and grammar issues are easy to identify, the most pressing question is, what next? The DeCoste Writing Protocol guides you through the next step to systematically evaluate writing issues and recommend appropriate courses of action. It includes all of the tools necessary for both in-person or remote delivery.

Teacher points to something in a notebook helping student at desk

What's New?

The DeCoste Writing Protocol (DWP) now includes:

  1. Remote Screening Adaptations Guide (supplementary guide for remote delivery)
  2. Writing the alphabet unaided from memory
  3. Fast sentence copying task
  4. Spelling analysis based on linguistic knowledge
  5. Extended writing task
DeCoste Writing Protocol examples

Evolution of the DeCoste Writing Protocol

The DeCoste Writing Protocol evolved from Dr. DeCoste’s widely-adopted book, Assistive Technology Assessment: Developing a Written Productivity Profile, first published in 2004. Much has changed, fueled by advances in technology and insights from new research, including:

  1. Increased focus on writing in the classroom
  2. Students using computers at an earlier age
  3. New College and Career Readiness Standards emphasize the importance of daily writing across different “types” of writing
  4. Remote learning

The DeCoste Writing Protocol takes these changes into account. The scoring has shifted substantially to accommodate the shifts.

Student writes in notebook at desk


New research findings detailed in the DeCoste Writing Protocol support the effort to better understand writing development for typical students and those with disabilities.

Student works at computer with headphones

DeCoste Writing Protocol Pricing

Ready to Buy? Call us at 800.999.4660


$99/individual practitioner



About the Author

Denise DeCoste, Ed.D., OTR is an occupational therapist and a special educator with over 25 years of experience in the field of assistive technology (AT). For 22 years, she was an assistive technology team leader for the Montgomery County Maryland Public Schools (InterACT and HIAT Teams). Recently, she was the governor appointed chair of the Maryland UDL Task Force. Denise is the author of three books on assistive technology. She presents at national conferences and lectures regularly in school districts across the country on AT related topics.

Resources & Support

Get the most out of your Learning, Evaluation and Curriculum Tools with our how-to guides, video tutorials, and more.